4. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY:
The purpose of this study was to identify the Quality of Work Life (QWL) as a predictor of Organisational Citizenship Behaviour (OCB). It was also to compare the level of perception of QWL based on the major demographic profile namely the Gender among college teachers.
The method of this research is a descriptive study. Statistical population includes teachers from Aided Colleges and Management Institutes in Thrissur District, Kerala. The study used Inventory to collect required information. The sampling method used in this study is purposive sampling which means sample were selected by the researcher subjectively, that appeared to be representative of the population. A standard and tested inventory was administered to a set of 15 Male and 15 Female college teachers totaling to 30 irrespective of their age and designation. All the inventory were returned and contained completed information. The study used both Primary and Secondary data. The Primary data were collected with the help of an Inventory constructed based on 8 QWL and 2 OCB dimensions.
5.1 Quality of Work Life Construct:
The QWL Inventory (Vijayalakshmi, 2005) contains 50 questions measured on a 5 point Likert Scale, namely Strongly Disagree (SDA) to Strongly Agree (SA). All the 50 items measure the 8 dimensions of QWL – Adequate and fair compensation, Safe and healthy work environment, Growth and safety, Constitutionalism, Social Integration, Social relevance, Total life space and Development of Human capabilities. Based on the questions the researcher adopted reverse scoring to arrive at the overall QWL score of individuals. The QWL of respondents were assessed on the overall score obtained by them. The QWL was assessed based on the following 200-250 – “High QWL” , 100-199 – “Average QWL”, Less than 100 – “ Low QWL”.
5.2 Organisational Citizenship Behaviour Construct:
The Organisational Citizenship Behaviour of a teacher is predicted based on two dimensions namely the conscientiousness (job dedication) and Altruism (helping co-workers). These two dimension are constructed based on the model identified by Jiing-Lih Farh, Chen-Bo Zhong, and Dennis W. Organ (2001). This contained 6 questions (3 for each dimension) measured on a 5 point Likert Scale, namely Strongly Agree (SDA) to Strongly Disagree (SA).